Online Induction >> Job Safety Analysis
Published 23/07/2021

Tips for Writing a Job Safety Analysis

Job safety analysis is an approach that merges the accepted safety and health protocols into a particular job operation. All the steps in job safety analysis are meant to identify potential health hazards and the safety procedures of doing jobs. It was created to cater to employees' welfare while on duty. When all safety analysis measures are put in place, training and mentorship of workers are done effectively and efficiently. It is carried out at regular intervals.

A job safety analysis comprises of three main components, which include:

1. Tasks-Step by step lists of the primary activities of the work, for example, starting a machine.

2. Hazards-List of potential threats in every step of the tasks

3. Control measures-Instructions on how to perform the tasks safely while controlling every listed hazard.

Here are the significant benefits of a job safety analysis:

- Aids in meeting safety protocols in the workplace

Since we work with manufactured tools and accidents are real, a JSA guarantees total safety for workers. Workers find it easy to work when they are assured that there are laid protocols that will take care of them in the event of an accident.

A JSA ensures the company follows the government and health department laws regarding employees' safety. Also, JSA will differ from one job to another depending on which machinery is used and the industry the company is operating in. For example, an electrical company will have a different JSA from a chemical company.

- Reduce accidents

A JSA gives detailed instructions on how to perform a specific job, and by reading it, employees become aware of how to operate the machines. Work is done with little or no accidents. The workers' output is enhanced as a result of the implementation of safety measures within the company.

- Provides a training guideline

Training of new employees involves a lot of try and error, and so trainees are exposed to accidents while handling tools. Even after training, new employees take time to learn the company's culture and become familiar with the tools.

A JSA provides a guideline on how training is conducted and how to handle different devices. With JSA knowledge, every trainee can minimize injuries since they already have awareness.

- Improves communication

Designing a JSA requires information from different sectors in the company, and so communication is improved. Employees at all levels are requested to give their views after reading the JSA; their input is used to rectify areas that do not fit their safety.

Since their ideas are discussed in an open meeting without intimidation, they feel free to interact with their top managers and give unbiased information. By such interaction, non-documented safety issues are discovered and put into consideration.

Some examples of JSA for different industries include:

- Construction
- Electrical
- Excavation
- Generic
- Daily

How to write a job safety analysis:

1. Select the job

To start a JSA, choose which job to analyze and determine all possible health hazards associated with the job at hand. Selecting which job to analyze is not an easy task, and you should prioritize with the one with the highest probability of accidents or illness.

Challenging jobs and the ones with high chances of errors and must be given priority. When implementing a new job or equipment that requires new instructions, it is good to carry out a JSA as soon as possible. The JSA should contain accurate information on the dangers workers are exposed to while on duty.

2. Breakdown the job

Each job under analysis must be broken down into processes that must not exceed ten. The procedures should be addressed so that they appear to solve the health hazards and safety issues in the order that employees are likely to face them. The breakdown should be carried by a professional or a competent supervisor who watches the job as a proficient employee performs it and record the processes.

3. Identify the hazards

Hazards should be identified as soon as the observation and recording are over. In the identification process, the interaction of the employee and the machinery is noted down, possible falling or slip of the machinery while in operation, and potential exposure to extreme pressure or heat. Other risks which should be noted are; coldness, excessive noise, vibration, toxic radiations, and fumes.

4. Determine preventive measure

This is the final stage and the most vital. What benefit will it be if the analysis is done and no measures are put in place? All potential health hazards are eliminated in this stage, processes modified, and machines changed if possible.

In such a case where the dangers cannot be avoided, machine guards are used to safeguarding the workers, and risk allowances are given. Reasonable steps are added while dropping unnecessary steps. Employees' morale is enhanced if they are working in an environmentally conducive environment, and it is met through quality job safety analysis.

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